Humans will soon be able to travel to Mars thanks to technological advances. The Internet of Things, 5G and artificial intelligence are just a few examples of the many new technologies. Complexity of the technological world is amazing, but also confusing and hard to understand. Researchers, engineers, and technicians can focus on their respective parts of the work. Complex robots are made up of smaller functional units which can be managed by their respective professionals. They are guided by scientific texts as well as the minds. Despite all the complexity of technology, they can be traced back to their simple origin in scientific text.

Wikipedia defines technology as: “Technology refers to the combination of skills, techniques, and processes that are used in the production or achievement of goals, such as scientific research.” Technology is what defines as “the practical application of scientific knowledge, especially in industry”. These definitions seem to cover all possible ways for humans to achieve something. Technology is a broad term that has many valid definitions. Both definitions accurately describe facts. They don’t describe the meanings of terms like “techniques”, application, and scientific knowledge. These are vague terms that could encompass all things in the universe.

We have already defined science as texts in our paper “a new definition science – The textual foundation that represents reality”. Technology should be described in terms texts because of its scientific nature. In the modern world, science and technology are inextricably linked and inseparable.

1. The core technology of science texts

Texts are considered the core science of science. Technology should also include texts due to their essentially identical nature. We are not going to repeat the textual nature or technology of science and technology. Interested readers can refer our article “language – the core of science”.

Science can represent all things, even human behavior. Human activities are also represented and accumulated. Texts contain details about the procedures and methods used to achieve these results. These texts are then made into representations. The textual representations allow humans to organize, classify, and build upon already existing technologies.

Technology characteristics

Technology is usually viewed through the lens of its impact on society, including its relationship with culture, practical use, and relation to the economy, politics, and so forth. These are more of the technology’s manifests than its essence. They are not textual in nature or centered around non-texts. The problem of attributing technology’s characteristics to different aspects of society is complicated. It can lead to endless interactions and also shift people’s motivations away from technology’s true nature.

Faced with the many variations and complexity of ever-changing technologies, it is important to think about the common characteristics that all technologies share, such as those found in texts. Technology is represented by texts.

Technical documentation

For learning, communication, recording, and understanding of methods, skills, materials and principles, it is necessary to document them all. Customers and engineers often need technical specifications, user manuals, or technical specifications, before the product ships. Even though technical specifications are more detailed than actual product operations, they can still be used to describe the product. Despite complex operations, variations in operating conditions, by different people, abundant materials and changing personnel, technical documents are stable, simple and reliable.

It is important to remember that scientific texts are in effect. Technical documents should be interpreted with care and not as a substitute for the technical texts.

2. Technology and science have their differences

It is important to distinguish between science and technology. They share the same essential cores but their appearances and emphasises differ to reflect different aspects of the human world.

Technology and science share similar knowledge and branches. Technology and science have a fundamental difference in their goals and objectives. Technology’s goal is to take action and make changes. Science’s purpose, however, is to observe and explain. They are in opposite directions. Technology emphasizes action, while science is more about observation. Depending on their purpose and use, the same text can be classified as science or technology. The law of motion, for example, is a science in itself, but becomes technology when it’s used to create and operate machinery.

The man-made world is closely linked to technology. The world has changed dramatically through human activities. These changes are directly due to technology, but it could also be said that people used science to achieve these. Science is the deeper, more fundamental level of knowledge. Technology is more closely related to direct applications. Technology tends towards being more detailed while science tends toward being fundamental. Texts play an equally important role in their formations.

Information is now instantly available and products can be transported quickly. The environment in which people live is increasingly dominated by machine-manufactured goods and structures. People found it easier to use existing knowledge and tools to reach their goals. Many questions can be answered in seconds by simply entering them into search engines. Everyone seems to have enough knowledge. You just need to act. Because people are more action-oriented, “technology” has become more popular than “science”.

3. Technology defined textually

We now provide a new definition for technology in order to better understand the difference between science and technology.

Scientific texts that guide human behavior.

Two points are included in this definition:

Technology is first and foremost scientific texts.

These texts can also be used as guidance.

This definition does not attempt to invalidate existing definitions. Instead, we look at the world from a new angle. We focus on the deeper levels, instead of just the text-centered model.


Human activities tend to be purpose-oriented. Technology has often practical applications. However, the technology that is used will have a different extent depending on its specific application. A technology that is useful for one purpose or for some people may not be applicable for another. These activities could be good or bad for society.

Extensions possible to the definition

In the future, and likely currently, technology such as AI might be used by animals and machines. These cases are where scientific texts have an indirect effect on human activities. However, they can be used to influence animals and machines. Their technology use is an imitation of human intelligence without essential differences. This definition could be extended to include all activities, both human and non-human, that are guided or guided by scientific texts.

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